Speakers and Panelists for Investigating the Mind 2005

Click on the links below to access each of the speaker and panelists bios:


Tenzin Gyatso, the XIV Dalai Lama
Ajahn Amaro, B.Sc. — Abhayagiri Monastery
Richard J. Davidson, Ph.D. — University of Wisconsin-Madison
John J. DeGioia, Ph.D. — President, Georgetown University
Adam Engle, J.D., M.B.A. — Mind & Life Institute
Jon Kabat-Zinn, Ph.D. — U. of Mass. Medical School, Emeritus
Helen S. Mayberg, M.D. — Emory University
Edward D. Miller, M.D., C.E.O. — Johns Hopkins Medicine, Dean,
     Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Robert M. Sapolsky, Ph.D. — Stanford University
Zindel V. Segal, Ph.D. — University of Toronto
David S. Sheps, M.D. — University of Florida
John F. Sheridan, Ph.D. — Ohio State University
Wolf Singer, M.D., Ph.D. — Max-Planck-Institut für Hirnforschung
Ralph Snyderman, M.D. — Duke University Medical Center


Tenzin Gyatso, the XIV Dalai Lama
Jan Chozen Bays, M.D. — Great Vow Zen Monastery
Joan Halifax, Ph.D. — Upaya Zen Center
Father Thomas Keating, OCSO — St. Benedict’s Monastery
Margaret E. Kemeny, Ph.D. — University of California-San Francisco
Jack Kornfield, Ph.D. — Spirit Rock Meditation Center
Matthieu Ricard, Ph.D. — Shechen Monastery
Sharon Salzberg, R.N. — Insight Meditation Society
Bennett M. Shapiro, M.D. — Merck Research Laboratories, Emeritus
Esther M. Sternberg, M.D. — National Institute of Mental Health
John D. Teasdale, Ph.D. — MRC Cognition & Brain Science Unit, Emeritus
B. Alan Wallace, Ph.D. — Santa Barbara Institute for Consciousness Studies


Thupten Jinpa, Ph.D. — Institute of Tibetan Classics
B. Alan Wallace, Ph.D. — Santa Barbara Institute for Consciousness Studies

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TENZIN GYATSO, the XIV Dalai Lama, is the leader of Tibetan Buddhism, the head of the Tibetan government-in-exile, and a spiritual leader revered worldwide. He was born on July 6, 1935 in a small village called Taktser in northeastern Tibet. Born to a peasant family, he was recognized at the age of two, in accordance with Tibetan tradition, as the reincarnation of his predecessor, the XIIIth Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lamas are manifestations of the Buddha of Compassion, who choose to reincarnate for the purpose of serving human beings. Winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1989, he is universally respected as a spokesman for the compassionate and peaceful resolution of human conflict.
He has traveled extensively, speaking on subjects including universal responsibility, love, compassion and kindness. Less well known is his intense personal interest in the sciences; he has said that if he were not a monk, he would have liked to be an engineer. As a youth in Lhasa it was he who was called on to fix broken machinery in the Potola Palace, be it a clock or a car. He has a vigorous interest in learning the newest developments in science, and brings to bear both a voice for the humanistic implications of the findings, and a high degree of intuitive methodological sophistication.

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AJAHN AMARO is co-abbot of Abhayagiri Buddhist Monastery in northern California. He received a BSc with Honours from London University in psychology & physiology. In 1977 he took up residence in a forest meditation monastery in the lineage of Ven. Ajahn Chah in Northeast Thailand. He returned to England to join Ven. Ajahn Sumedho at a newly founded forest monastery in Sussex. In 1983, he journeyed 830 miles on foot to a branch monastery in Northumberland. In 1985 he came to Amaravati Buddhist Centre and helped with teaching and administration for ten years, serving as vice-abbot for the last two years. He started coming to the USA in 1990, spending a few months each year teaching here. In 1996 Abhayagiri Monastery was opened.
The main focus of his life is practicing as a forest monk, and teaching and training others in that same tradition. Since 1988 he has taken part in numerous conferences and seminars, including two in Dharamsala and one in California with the Dalai Lama and a group of Western Buddhist teachers. In 1994 in London he was also involved in a seminar, "The Good Heart", that the Dalai Lama led where he was giving commentaries on the Christian gospels. He has published four books: Tudong—the Long Road North, Silent Rain, The Pilgrim Kamanita (ed.) and Small Boat, Great Mountain—Theravadan Reflections on the Natural Great Perfection. Another book is forthcoming (a companion to Small Boat) The Island—An Anthology of theBuddha's Teachings on Nirvana. He also happens to be a cousin of the late Buddhist scholar I.B.Horner.

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JAN CHOZEN BAYSis a pediatrician specializing in the evaluation of children for possible abuse and neglect. After graduating from Swarthmore College she received medical training at U.C. San Diego. For ten years she served as medical director of the Child Abuse Response and Assessment Center(CARES NW) at Legacy Children's Hospital in Portland, Oregon where over 1,000 children and families are seen each year for concerns of abuse and neglect. She has written a number of articles for medical journals and also book chapters on aspects of child abuse including substance abuse and child abuse, child abuse by poisoning, and conditions mistaken for child abuse.
Jan Chozen Bays has studied and practiced Zen Buddhism since 1973. She was ordained as a Zen priest under Taizan Maezumi Roshi and given authorization to teach in 1983. With her husband, Hogen Bays, she teaches at Zen Community of Oregon and Great Vow Zen Monastery, a residential center for intensive Zen training in Clatskanie, Oregon. She has published articles about Zen in Tricycle and Buddhadharma magazines. Her book, Jizo Bodhisattva, Modern Healing and Traditional Buddhist Practice (Tuttle Publishing, 2002), has been re-issued in paperback as Jizo Bodhisattva, Guardian of Children, Women and Other Voyagers by Shambhala Publishing.

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RICHARD J. DAVIDSON is the Director of the Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience and the W.M. Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He was educated at New York University and Harvard University, where he received his B.A. and Ph.D., respectively, in psychology. Over the course of his research career he has focused on the relationship between brain and emotion. He is currently the William James Professor and Vilas Research Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin. He is co-author or editor of thirteen books, the most recent being Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature and The Handbook of Affective Science.
Professor Davidson has also written more than 200 chapters and journal articles. He is the recipient of numerous awards for his work, including the Research Scientist Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was a member of the Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Institute of Mental Health. In 1992, as a follow-up from previous Mind and Life meetings, he was a member of a scientific team doing neuroscientific investigations of exceptional mental abilities in advanced Tibetan monks.
(Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience): http://psyphz.psych.wisc.edu
(W.M. Keck Laboratory): http://tezpur.keck.waisman.wisc.edu

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JOHN J. DeGIOIA became the 48th president of Georgetown University on July 1, 2001. He has served the university both as a senior administrator and a faculty member since 1979. Georgetown University is a distinctive educational institution, rooted in the Catholic faith and Jesuit tradition, and therefore committed to spiritual inquiry, engaged in the public sphere, and invigorated by religious and cultural pluralism. As the first lay president of a Jesuit university, Dr. DeGioia places special emphasis on sustaining and strengthening Georgetown's Catholic and Jesuit identity and its responsibility to serve as a voice and an instrument for justice. He is a member of the Order of Malta, a lay religious order of the Roman Catholic Church dedicated to serving the sick and the poor. Dr. DeGioia has been a strong advocate for interreligious dialogue.
To prepare young people for leadership roles in the global community, Dr. DeGioia has expanded opportunities for both interreligious and intercultural dialogue, welcomed world leaders to campus, and convened international conferences to address challenging issues. He is a member of the U.S. National Commission of UNESCO and Chair of its Education Committee, and he represents Georgetown at the World Economic Forum and on the Council on Foreign Relations. Dr. DeGioia remains a Professorial Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy, and recently taught "Ethics and Global Development." He earned a bachelor's degree in English from Georgetown University in 1979 and his PhD in Philosophy from the University in 1995.

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JOAN HALIFAXreceived a Ph.D. in medical anthropology/psychology from University of Miami, 1968. Since then, she has held diverse positions, including researcher of Ethnomusicology, Columbia University, NIMH, and head of the Ojai Foundation, CA. Currently, she is president of the Upaya Foundation in New Mexico, which includes a community facility for the dying.
Dr. Halifax is the author of several articles and books including The Human Encounter with Death (with S. Grof) (Norton, 1973), Shamanism (Cross Roads, 1984), and Fruitful Darkness (Harper and Row, 1994). She has carried out extensive cross-cultural studies of various topics and pioneered studies on death and dying. She is also a Buddhist practitioner and a lineage holder in the Tiep Order of Thich Nhat Hanh.

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ADAM ENGLE is a lawyer, businessman, and entrepreneur who has divided his professional life between the for-profit and non-profit sectors. Mr. Engle received his J.D. degree from the Harvard Law School and his M.B.A. from the Stanford Graduate School of Business. In the for-profit sector, He began his career as a lawyer, practicing for 10 years in Beverly Hills, Albuquerque, Santa Barbara, and Teheran. After leaving the practice of law, he formed an investment management firm, focusing on global portfolio management on behalf of individual clients. He also started several business ventures in the United States and Australia. He currently runs the Engle Capital Group in Boulder, Colorado.
Mr. Engle began working with various groups in the non-profit sector in 1970. He first came in contact with the Tibetan community in 1974, and has been working with them since then. He co-founded the Mind and Life dialogues in 1983, and formed the Mind and Life Institute in 1990. In 1993, he founded the Colorado Friends of Tibet, a statewide Tibetan support group based in Boulder. He also founded a speakers' series at the Stanford Business School entitled "Integrity and Compassion in Business." He was a founding member of the Social Venture Network, and is a member of the World Business Academy.

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JON KABAT-ZINN is founder and former executive director of the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society and Professor of Medicine Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. He is also the founder and former director of the Stress Reduction Clinic. He is the author of Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain and Illness; Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life; co-author, with his wife Myla, of Everyday Blessings: The Inner Work of Mindful Parenting; and author of Coming to Our Senses: Healing Ourselves and the World Through Mindfulness. He received his Ph.D. in molecular biology from MIT in 1971.
His research since 1979 has focused on mind/body interactions for healing and on the clinical applications and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness meditation training for people with chronic pain and stress-related disorders, including a work-site study of the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on the brain and how it processes emotions, particularly under stress, and on the immune system (in collaboration with Dr. Richard Davidson). He has trained groups of judges, business leaders, lawyers, Catholic priests, and Olympic athletes (the 1984 Olympic Men's Rowing Team) in mindfulness, as well as directed multi-year programs in the inner city and in the Massachusetts state prison system.
He also conducts professional training retreat programs in MBSR for health professionals around the world. He has received several awards from educational and medical centers for his work. He is a Founding Fellow of the Fetzer Institute, a Fellow of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, and the founding convener of the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine. He was a participant and presenter at Mind and Life III.

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THUPTEN JINPA was educated in the classical Tibetan monastic academia and received the highest academic degree of Geshe Lharam (equivalent to a doctorate in divinity). Jinpa also holds a BA in philosophy and a Ph.D. in religious studies, both from the University of Cambridge, U.K, where he also worked as a research fellow for three years. Since 1985, he has been the principal translator to the Dalai Lama, accompanying him to the United States, Canada, and Europe. He has translated and edited many books by the Dalai Lama, including the recent New York Time's bestseller Ethics for the New Millennium.
His published works include also scholarly articles on various aspects of Tibetan culture, Buddhism and philosophy, including the entries on Tibetan philosophy for Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy recently released by Routledge, UK. His two latest works are Songs of Spiritual Experience: Tibetan Poems of Awakening and Insight (co-authored) and Self, Reality and Reason in Tibetan Thought. He is on the advisory board of various educational and cultural organizations in North America, Europe and India, and is also the book reviews editor for Contemporary Buddhism, a bi-annual, interdisciplinary journal exploring the interface between Buddhism and modern society. He is currently the president and the editor-in-chief of the Institute of Tibetan Classics, a non-profit educational organization dedicated to translating key Tibetan classics into contemporary languages.

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FATHER THOMAS KEATING received his BA from Fordham University, and entered the Cistercian Order in Valley Falls, Rhode Island in January 1944. He was appointed Superior of St. Benedict's Monastery, Snowmass, Colorado in 1958, and was elected abbot of St. Joseph's Abbey, Spencer, Massachusetts in 1961. He returned to Snowmass after retiring as abbot of Spencer in 1981, where he established a program of ten-day intensive retreats in the practice of Centering Prayer, a contemporary form of the Christian contemplative tradition.
He is one of the architects of the Centering Prayer movement begun in Spencer Abbey in 1975 and founder in 1984 of Contemplative Outreach, Ltd., now an international, ecumenical organization that teaches Centering Prayer, Lectio Divina, and the Christian contemplative tradition and provides a support system for those on the contemplative path through a wide variety of resources, workshops, and retreats. He helped to found the Snowmass Interreligious Conference in 1982 and is a past president of the Temple of Understanding and of the Monastic Interreligious Dialogue among other interreligious activities. He is the author of many books and video/audio tapes series. His books include, Open Mind, Open Heart, The Mystery of Christ, Invitation to Love, Intimacy with God, The Human Condition, The Better Part, and The Fruits and Gifts of the Spirit.

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MARGARET E. KEMENY is Professor of Psychiatry and the Director of the Graduate Academic Program in Psychology at the University of California San Francisco. After spending her undergraduate years at UC Berkeley, she received her Ph.D. in health psychology from UCSF and completed a four-year post-doctoral fellowship in immunology at UCLA. She directs a joint Ph.D. program in Health Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience between the UCSF and UC Berkeley campuses. Dr. Kemeny's research has focused on identifying the links between psychological factors, the immune system and health and illness. She has made important contributions to our understanding of the ways in which the mind — one's thoughts and feelings — shapes biological responses to stress and trauma.
Over the past 15 years she has investigated the role that specific psychological responses play in predicting the course of HIV infection, as well as the immunological mediators of these effects. More recently, she has begun to focus on the inflammatory processes relevant to the course of certain autoimmune diseases. She has demonstrated, for example, that patients with more pessimistic expectations about their future health show more immune alterations and a poorer prognosis than their optimistic counterparts. This research has led to her current interest in the psychobiology of the placebo response.

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JACK KORNFIELD was trained as a Buddhist monk in Thailand, Burma, and India, and has taught meditation around the world since 1974. He is one of the main teachers to introduce Theravada Buddhist practice to the West. His work has been focused on integrating Eastern spiritual teachings in a way that is accessible to Western society. He graduated from Dartmouth College in Asian Studies and holds a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Saybrook Institute.
His doctoral dissertation was one of the first to explore the psychology of mindfulness meditation. Jack is a husband and father, and a founding teacher of two of the largest meditation centers in the West, the Insight Meditation Society and Spirit Rock Mediation Center.
He has published a number of articles on the interface of eastern and western psychology, and his books include Living Dharma; Seeking the Heart of Wisdom; A Still Forest Pool; Stories of the Spirit, Stories of the Heart; Buddha's Little Instruction Book; A Path with Heart; After the Ecstasy, the Laundry; and The Art of Forgiveness, Loving-Kindness and Peace.

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HELEN S. MAYBERG is Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology at Emory University School of Medicine. She received her B.A. in Psychobiology from University of California, Los Angeles and the MD degree from the University of Southern California. Following an internship in Internal Medicine at the Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center, and a Residency in Neurology at the Neurological Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, she completed a post-doctoral fellowship in Nuclear Medicine at Johns Hopkins. Dr. Mayberg has held academic positions at Johns Hopkins, the University of Texas Health Sciences Center in San Antonio, and was the first Sandra Rotman Chair in Neuropsychiatry at the Rotman Research Institute and the University of Toronto.
The central theme of her research program is the use of functional neuroimaging methods to define critical neural pathways mediating normal and abnormal mood states in health and disease. Converging findings from a series of studies has led to a neural systems model of major depression. This model provides the foundation for ongoing experiments examining mechanisms of standard antidepressant treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy as well as development of novel surgical interventions for treatment resistant patients. Since her move in 2004 to Atlanta, these studies have been expanded to further address neurobiological markers predicting treatment response, relapse and resistance as well as depression vulnerability, with a goal towards developing imaging-based algorithms that will discriminate patient subgroups and optimize treatment selection in individual patients.

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EDWARD D. MILLER was named Chief Executive Officer of Johns Hopkins Medicine, the 13th Dean of The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Vice President for Medicine of The Johns Hopkins University in January 1997. His appointment followed a year-long national search for the first-ever CEO of Johns Hopkins Medicine, a new organization which formally integrates operations and planning of the School of Medicine with The Johns Hopkins Health System and Hospital to ensure their continued preeminence in education, discovery and patient care. He received his A.B. from Ohio Wesleyan University and his M.D. from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. He was a Surgical Intern at University Hospital in Boston, Chief Resident in Anesthesiology at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, and a Research Fellow in Physiology at the Harvard Medical School.
In 1981-82, he spent a sabbatical year as Senior Scientist in the Department of Pharmacology and Physiology of Hopital Necker in Paris. An anesthesiologist who has authored or co-authored more than 150 scientific papers, abstracts and book chapters, Dr. Miller joined Hopkins in 1994 as Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, a post he held until May 1999. He was named Interim Dean of the School of Medicine in 1996. He came to Hopkins after eight years at Columbia University in New York, where he served as Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology in the College of Physicians and Surgeons.
Prior to that, he spent 11 years at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, where he rose from Assistant Professor to Professor of anesthesiology and surgery and Medical Director of the Surgical Intensive Care Unit. Under his aegis, both The Johns Hopkins Hospital and School of Medicine continue to be ranked among the very best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, and the School continues to rank at the top in NIH research funding.

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MATTHIEU RICARD has been a Buddhist monk for twenty years at Shechen Monastery in Nepal and is the French interpreter for the Dalai Lama. Born in France in 1946, he did a Ph.D. in cell genetics at the Institut Pasteur under Nobel Laureate François Jacob and wrote the widely read book Animal Migrations (Hill and Wang, 1969). He first visited India in 1967, where he began studying and practicing Tibetan Buddhism. He has lived in the Himalayan region since 1972, training for many years under the personal guidance of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, one of the Dalai Lama's teachers.
He is the author of The Monk and the Philosopher (Schocken, 1999), a best-seller book of dialogues with his father, the French philosopher Jean-François Revel, which has been translated into twenty-one languages, as well as The Quantum and the Lotus (Crown Publishing) a dialogue with the astrophysicist Trinh Xuan Thuan, Journey to Enlightenment, a photo book on the life of Khyentse Rinpoche (Aperture, 1996, reprinted as The Spirit of Tibet, 2001), and numerous translations of Tibetan texts, including The Life of Shabkar, (State University of New York Press, 1994, reprinted 2001 Ithaca, Snow Lion Publications) and The Heart Treasure (Boston, Shambhala Publications). He has been made a knight of the French National Order of Merit.

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SHARON SALZBERG has been teaching meditation retreats worldwide for almost 30 years. She is a co-founder of the Insight Meditation Society in Barre, Massachusetts, The Barre Center for Buddhist Studies and The Forest Refuge, a new center for long term meditation practice.
Sharon is the author of Faith: Trusting Your Own Deepest Experience, published by Riverhead Books, Lovingkindness: The Revolutionary Art of Happiness and A Heart as Wide as the World, both published by Shambhala Publications.

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ROBERT SAPOLSKY is John A. and Cynthia Fry Gunn Professor of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences at Stanford University, and is a research associate at the Institute of Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya. His work is in four broad areas: a) how stress and stress hormones damage the nervous system and compromise the ability of neurons to survive neurological insults; b) the design of gene therapy strategies to save neurons from such insults; c) the design of gene therapy strategies to protect against animal models of psychiatric disorders; d) long-standing studies of wild baboons in East Africa, examining the relationships among dominance rank, social behavior, personality, and patterns of stress-related disease. Sapolsky is the author of 5 books and of some 350 technical papers.

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ZINDEL V. SEGAL is the Morgan Firestone Chair in Psychotherapy in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. He is Head of the Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Unit at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and is a Professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology at the University of Toronto. He received his undergraduate training in Psychology at McGill University and completed his graduate work at Queen's University.
Dr. Segal's research focuses on cognitive mechanisms of relapse vulnerability in affective disorder, especially the way in which transient dysphoria can (re)evoke depressive knowledge structures in semantic memory. He is currently conducting a 5 year NIMH funded study to evalute the sequencing of pharmacological remission in depression with mindfulness-based prophylaxis for the prevention of depressive relapse and recurrence. Dr. Segal is a member of the NIMH Interventions Review Committee and has served as an associate editor for Cognitive Therapy and Research. He has published over 150 scientific articles and 7 books including: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression (with Williams and Teasdale)which advocates for the relevance of mindfulness-based clinical care in psychiatry and mental health.

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BENNET M. SHAPIRO is a consultant in biotechnology. He was previously Executive Vice President, Worldwide Licensing and External Research, where he directed Merck's research relationships with the academic and industrial biomedical research community. He joined Merck Research Laboratories in September of 1990 as Executive Vice President, Basic Research, Merck Research Laboratories. In this position he was responsible for all the basic and preclinical research activities at Merck worldwide.
Earlier, he was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Washington. He is the author of over 120 papers on the molecular regulation of cellular behavior and the biochemical events that integrate the cascade of cellular activations at fertilization.
Shapiro received his bachelor's degree in chemistry from Dickinson College and his doctor's degree in medicine from Jefferson Medical College. Following an Internship in Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital, he was a Research Associate at the NIH, then a Visiting Scientist at the Institut Pasteur in Paris and returned to the NIH as Chief - Section on Cellular Differentiation in the Laboratory of Biochemistry, prior to joining the University of Washington. Dr. Shapiro has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and a Visiting Professor at the University of Nice.

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DAVID S. SHEPSDavid S. Sheps received his M.D. from the University of North Carolina (1969), completed his residency in the Department of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital (1972) and completed a fellowship in cardiology at Yale University School of Medicine (1974). He has an MSPH in Epidemiology from the University of North Carolina (1988). Dr. Sheps is Professor and Associate Chair in the Division of Cardiology at the University of Florida College of Medicine and is a staff cardiologist at the Gainesville VA Medical Center. He is Director of Nuclear Cardiology at the University of Florida. Effective January 2002, Dr. Sheps was recognized for his accomplishments in behavioral medicine by being appointed as Editor-in-Chief of the Psychosomatic Medicine Journal.
Dr. Sheps is a well-recognized expert in the field of the effects of psychological stress in patients with coronary artery disease and mental stress ischemia and has a strong track record of publications and grants in this area. Dr. Sheps has been principal investigator on numerous grants funded by the NIH, the Health Effects Institute, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and pharmaceutical groups.
Dr. Sheps has focused on behavioral, clinical and epidemiologic manifestations of disease expression, particularly in coronary artery disease. Since he received his Masters in Epidemiology in 1988, he has been funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in several areas. He was the previous principal investigator of the Women's Health Initiative at the University of North Carolina and has continued his work in that area as the principal investigator of an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative being performed in 10 institutions with a subject population of 3,000. The purpose of that study was to detect the predictive power of ambulatory ischemia to detect subsequent events in various clinical subsets of women in the observational study of the Women's Health Initiative.
Dr. Sheps was also a member of the Coordinating Center of the ENRICHD Study, an NIH-funded multicenter study to evaluate treatment of depression in patients with coronary artery disease. A recently funded NIH grant, Psychological Stress and Risk of Cardiac Events investigates a broad spectrum of coronary artery disease patients with both nuclear cardiac imaging and peripheral vascular analysis to more easily detect the large number currently at risk for adverse events. An ongoing NIH grant, Mindful Based Stress Reduction and Myocardial Ischemia focuses on treatment of patients with psychological stress induced ischemia to attempt to see if adverse prognosis of stress induced ischemia can be altered. This is a natural extension of work published in Circulation showing that mental stress ischemia in the PIMI study identified patients with an adverse outlook for subsequent mortality. In summary, Dr. Sheps' research interests have focused on behavioral manifestations of disease in several areas: pain perception, gender differences, and acute (laboratory induced) and chronic (depression) manifestations of psychological stress.

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JOHN F. SHERIDANis Professor of Immunology and Director of the Comprehensive Training in Oral and Craniofacial Biology program. He currently holds the George C. Paffenbarger Alumni Endowed Research Chair, and is the Associate Director of the Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research at the Ohio State University. He received a B.S. degree from Fordham University, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Waksman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University. He did postdoctoral training in microbiology/immunology at the Duke University Medical Center and the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
He is a founding member and past president of the Psychoneuroimmunology Research Society. His major research interests include neuroendocrine regulation of gene expression in inflammatory and immune responses, stress-induced susceptibility to infectious disease, viral pathogenesis and host immunity. Current studies seek to define key cellular and molecular mechanisms by which social behavior affects immunity and resistance to infectious disease. To date, these studies have demonstrated the importance of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in viral pathogenesis, resistance to infectious disease, effectiveness of vaccination, and tissue repair/wound healing.

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WOLF SINGER is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt and Founding Director of the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS). He studied medicine at the Universites of Munich and Paris, received his M.D. from the Ludwig-Maximilians-University and his Ph.D. from the Technical University in Munich. Until the mid-eighties his research interests were focused on the experience-dependent development of the cerebral cortex and on mechanisms of use-depedent synaptic plasticity. Subsequently, his research concentrated on the binding problem that arises from the distributed organization of the cerebral cortex. The hypothesis forwarded by Professor Singer is that the numerous and widely distributed subprocesses which constitute the basis of cognitive and executive functions are coordinated and bound together by the precise temporal synchronization of oscillatory neuronal activity.
Professor Singer has signed more than 254 articles in peer-reviewed journals, contributed more than 191 chapters to books, has written numerous essays on the ethical and philosophical implications of neuroscientific discoveries, and published 2 books. He is the recipient of numerous awards including the IPSEN Prize for Neuronal Plasticity, the Ernst Jung Prize for Medicine, the Zülch Prize for Brain Research, and the Communicator Prize of the German Research Foundation. He is member of numerous national and international academies, including the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He served as President of the European Neuroscience Association, as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Max Planck Society, and as member of numerous Advisory Boards of scientific organizations and editorial boards of journals.

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RALPH SNYDERMAN is Chancellor Emeritus, Duke University and James B. Duke Professor of Medicine in the Duke University School of Medicine. He is currently a visiting professor in the Global Health Science Center of the University of California at San Francisco. From 1989 to July 2004, he served as Chancellor for Health Affairs and Dean of the School of Medicine. During this period, he oversaw the development of the Duke University Health System, one of the few fully integrated academic health systems in the country, and served as its Chief Executive Officer. The health system provides not only leading edge care, but is also developing tomorrow's models of health care delivery.
Dr. Snyderman has been a leading proponent of a new approach to health called "Prospective Care." This model envisions each individual receiving a personalized health plan based on their own risks and needs. This will give people far more control of and responsibility for their own health as well as opportunities to improve it. Prospective Care combines the best in science and technology with humanistic medical practice and relies on integrative medicine to do this.
Dr. Snyderman is the recipient of numerous honors, including the highest awards in the field of inflammation research, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Arthritis Foundation and the first Bravewell Leadership Award for outstanding achievements in the field of integrative medicine. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and American Academy of Arts & Sciences, past chair of the Association of American Medical Colleges and immediate past president of the American Association of Physicians.

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ESTHER M. STERNBERG received her M.D. degree and trained in Rheumatology at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, did post-doctoral training and was on the faculty at Washington University, St. Louis, MO, before joining the National Institutes Health in 1986. Currently Chief of the Section on Neuroendocrine Immunology and Behavior at the National Institute of Mental Health, Dr. Sternberg is also Director of the Integrative Neural Immune Program, NIMH/NIH and Co-Chair of the NIH Intramural Program on Research in Women's Health, both multi-Institute Intramural research programs designed to foster interdisciplinary research at NIH.
Dr. Sternberg is internationally recognized for her discoveries in central nervous system - immune system interactions and the brain's stress response in susceptibility to arthritis and other diseases, including depression, i.e. the science of the mind-body interaction. Her recent discovery of the glucocorticoid repressing effect of anthrax lethal toxin extends these principles into biodefense. Her numerous original scientific and review articles and textbook chapters are published in leading scientific journals including Nature Medicine, Science, New England Journal of Medicine, Scientific American, J. of Clinical Investigation and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. She is a reviewer and editorial board member for many scientific journals; has edited several books, including Neuroimmunomodulation: Perspectives at the New Millennium and Neuroendocrine and Neural Regulation of Autoimmune and Inflammatory Disease: Molecular, Systems, and Clinical Insights. (New York Academy of Sciences, 2000 & 2003), and authored the popular book: The Balance Within: The Science Connecting Health and Emotions. (W.H. Freeman & Co., 2000, paperback 2001, H. Holt).
In recognition of her work, she received the Public Health Service's Superior Service Award; Arthritis Foundation William R. Felts Award for Excellence in Rheumatology Research; United States Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Staff Recognition Award; FDA Commissioner's Special Citation (pathogenesis of the L-tryptophan eosinophilia myalgia syndrome); NIMH Director's Merit Award (leadership in developing interdisciplinary programs); was elected to the American Society for Clinical Investigation and to a Committee of the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine; testified before Congress; been advisor to the World Health Organization; member of the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) Literature Selection Technical Review (Medline) and Exhibition Program Advisory Committees.
Dr. Sternberg is frequently invited to lecture nationally and internationally, including the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C.), Nobel Forum (Karolinska Institute, Stockholm), Woman's Heart Day (Madison Square Garden), NY; chaired many national and international scientific conferences; is immediate past-President of the International Society for Neuroimmunomodulation; co-directed a concurrent NLM Exhibition and video on "Emotions and Disease" (1996).

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JOHN TEASDALE received his first degree in psychology from the University of Cambridge. Subsequently, he studied for his Ph.D. in abnormal psychology, and trained as a clinical psychologist, at the Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, where he then taught for a number of years. After working as a National Health Service clinical psychologist in the University Hospital of Wales, he began a thirty year period of full-time research, supported by the Medical Research Council, first in the Department of Psychiatry, Univeristy of Oxford, subsequently in the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge.
The continuing focus of this research has been the investigation of basic psychological processes and the application of that understanding to the relief of emotional disorders.Initially this involved the development and evaluation of behavioral therapies for anxiety disorders, subsequently the exploration of cognitive approaches to understanding and treating major depression, and, most recently, the development of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, a program that is effective in substantially reducing future risk of major depression through an integration of mindfulness training and cognitive approaches.
Dr. Teasdale has published more than a hundred scientific papers and chapters, and co-authored three books. He has received a Distinguished Scientist Award from the American Psychological Association, and has been elected Fellow of both the British Academy and the Academy of Medical Sciences. He is currently retired, pursuing personal interests in meditation and mindfulness training.

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B. ALAN WALLACE is president of the Santa Barbara Institute for Consciousness Studies. He trained for many years as a monk in Buddhist monasteries in India and Switzerland. He has taught Buddhist theory and practice in Europe and America since 1976 and has served as interpreter for numerous Tibetan scholars and contemplatives, including H. H. the Dalai Lama. After graduating summa cum laude from Amherst College, where he studied physics and the philosophy of science, he earned his M.A. and Ph.D. in religious studies at Stanford University. He has edited, translated, authored, and contributed to more than thirty books on Tibetan Buddhism, medicine, language, and culture, and the interface between science and religion.
His published works include Choosing Reality: A Buddhist View of Physics and the Mind (Snow Lion, 1996), The Bridge of Quiescence: Experiencing Buddhist Meditation (Open Court, 1998), The Taboo of Subjectivity: Toward a New Science of Consciousness (Oxford, 2000), and Buddhism and Science: Breaking New Ground (Columbia University Press 2003).